Intoxicación por toxinas marinas de animales de la familia de los Celenterados. Revisión Bibliográfica.nº60 [ Noviembre 19 - Enero 20] Retel
1. Especialista de Primer Grado en Medicina General Integral. Especialista Primer Grado en Toxicología. Máster en Prevención del uso indebido de drogas. Profesor Auxiliar. 2. Especialista de Primer Grado en Medicina General Integral. Especialista Primer Grado en Toxicología. Máster en Toxicología Clínica. 3. Especialista de Primer Grado en Medicina General Integral. Especialista Primer Grado en Medicina Intensiva y Emergencia del Adulto. Profesor Instructor. 4. Especialista de Primer Grado en Otorrinolaringología. Profesora Asistente. 5. Licenciada en Enfermería. Profesora Asistente. 6. Licenciada en Medicina Transfucional. Profesora Asistente.Hospital Clínico-Quirúrgico “Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy”. Matanzas, Cuba.
Poisoning by marine toxins of animals of the Celenterados family. Bibliographic review. Introduction: At present in the world and in Cuba, trips to the beach constitute a habitual practice of many people, especially in summer time; These excursions usually include activities such as swimming, diving, sailing and fishing and others. This situation leads to the fact that sometimes bathers are victims of accidental poisoning from bites and exposure to toxic marine animals. The Celenterados or Cnidaria family is constituted by a group of invertebrates, predominantly marine, which covers some 11,665 species described among: jellyfish, anemones, corals, hydroids and other less known. The main characteristic of the species grouped in this family, is the presence of stinging cells, called cnidocytes, which have an organelle called a nematocyte; these cells contain toxins that function as a mechanism of attack (capture of prey) or defense in these animals. Objective: To describe the poisoning by marine toxins of animals of the Celenterate family. Methods: A literature review was carried out that addressed the issue of Celenterates. A description was made of the characteristics of each of the species in this family, of the toxins present in them, the main clinical manifestations, as well as the fundamental measures aimed at the treatment of this intoxication. It had as its starting point, the reception of several patients in the Guard Corps of the ClinicalSurgical Hospital «Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy” and being assessed by the medical guard had the diagnosis of poisoning by marine toxins of animals of the Celenterados family.
Keywords: patients, poisoning, marine toxins, Celenterados.