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Association between exposure to air pollution and emphysema


Air pollution can accelerate lung disease as much as a pack a day of cigarettes. sciencedaily.com. August 13, 2019. Summary: Air pollution — especially ozone air pollution which is increasing with climate change — accelerates the progression of emphysema of the lung, according to a new study. Pulmones (SerTox) Air pollution — especially ozone air […]

Chronic kidney disease of unknown cause in agricultural, study


Chronic kidney disease epidemic may be result of high heat, toxins. eurekalert.org. May 08, 2019. CU Anschutz researchers believe climate change may play role in epidemic that has killed thousands of agricultural workers.  A mysterious epidemic of chronic kidney disease among agricultural workers and manual laborers may be caused by a combination of increasingly hot […]

Open-source discovery of chemical leads for next-generation chemoprotective antimalarials, study


Half a million tests and many mosquitoes later, new buzz about a malaria prevention drug. eurekalert.org. December 06, 2018. Researchers tested chemical compounds for their ability to inhibit the malaria parasite at an earlier lifecycle stage than most current drugs, revealing chemical starting points for new malaria preventatives.  Plasmodium falciparum en la sangre (WP) Extracting […]

Estimates of pollutants on asthma incidence and emergency room visits, study


Air pollution leads to millions of ER visits for asthma attacks worldwide. eurekalert.org. Octuber 24, 2018. First study to quantify global burden of asthma linked to dirty air. Nine to 33 million visits to the emergency room (ER) for asthma worldwide may be triggered by breathing in air polluted by ozone or fine particulate matter–pollutants […]

Hierarchical spidroin micellar nanoparticles as the fundamental precursors of spider silks


Mystery of how black widow spiders create steel-strength silk webs further unravelled. sciencedaily.com. October 22, 2018. ‘Modified micelle theory’ may allow scientists to create equally strong synthetic materials. Summary: Researchers have better unraveled the complex process of how black widow spiders transform proteins into steel-strength fibers. This knowledge promises to aid scientists in creating equally […]

Study about waterborne exposure of adult zebrafish to silver nanoparticles


Silver nanoparticles are toxic for aquatic organisms. eurekalert.org. September 18, 2018. A research team at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country has analysed how zebrafish are affected in the long term by exposure to silver particles. Danio rerio (WP) CAPTIONThe UPV/EHU’s Cell Biology in Environmental Toxicology research group has analysed adult zebrafish to find out […]

The global impacts of food production


Reducing food’s environmental impacts through producers and consumers.J Poore, T Nemecek. June 01, 2018. Science  01 Jun 2018:Vol. 360, Issue 6392, pp. 987-992. DOI: 10.1126/science.aaq0216.The global impacts of food productionFood is produced and processed by millions of farmers and intermediaries globally, with substantial associated environmental costs. Given the heterogeneity of producers, what is the best […]

Bothrops venoms revealed as molecular signatures that contribute to venom phenotype, study


How just drops of viper venom pack a deadly punch. eurekalert.org. June 01, 2018. A bite from a lancehead snake can be fatal. Species in the family, found throughout Central and South America, have venom that can disrupt blood clotting and cause hemorrhage, strokes and kidney failure.CAPTIONResearchers studying venom from Bothrops jararaca (shown) and related […]

Males of the brown widow spider mate choice, study


Male mate choice in a sexually cannibalistic widow spider. By Shevy Waner, Uzi Motro, Yael Lubin, Ally R.Harari. AbstractMales of the brown widow spider, Latrodectus geometricus (Theridiidae), invest energy in courtship displays and are often cannibalized after mating; accordingly, partial sex role reversal is expected. In this species, subadult females are able to mate and […]

Deep learning improves prediction of drug–drug and drug–food interactions, research


Deep learning predicts drug-drug and drug-food interactions. sciencedaily.com. April 18, 2018. Development of a deep learning-based computational framework that predicts interactions for drug-drug or drug-food constituent pairs. Summary: Scientists have developed a computational framework, DeepDDI, that accurately predicts and generates 86 types of drug-drug and drug-food interactions as outputs of human-readable sentences, which allows in-depth […]

Research about controversial neonicotinoid insecticides


Global scientific review reveals effective alternatives to neonicotinoid and fipronil insecticides. eurekalert.org. February 26, 2018. Report finds systemic pesticides not as effective as once thought and cites pest resistance as key reason to end mass uses of the harmful substances. Use of controversial neonicotinoid insecticides ("neonics") in agriculture is not as effective as once thought, […]

Antidepressants are effective, study shows


Antidepressants more effective than placebo for adults with acute major depressive disorder. By Julia Robinson. pharmaceutical-journal.com. February 22, 2018. Findings represent the “most comprehensive evidence base currently available” to guide the initial choice about pharmacological treatment for acute major depressive disorder in adults, researchers conclude. Source: RPSDavid Taylor, professor of psychopharmacology at King’s College, London, […]

Occurrence and fate of pesticides in the Argentine stretch of the Paraguay-Paraná basin, study


Occurrence and fate of pesticides in the Argentine stretch of the Paraguay-Paraná basin.Environ Monit Assess. 2017 Feb;189(2):63. doi: 10.1007/s10661-017-5773-1. Epub 2017 Jan 19. Abstract: The Argentine stretch of the del Plata basin crosses regions devoted to extensive and intensive agriculture mostly with chemical pest control. The utilization of pesticides in the region has increased 900% […]

Methyldopa may help prevent the onset of type 1 diabetes of those at risk for the disease, study


Existing drug effective at preventing onset of type 1 diabetes in 60% of patients. sciencedaily.com. February 15, 2018. Common blood pressure medication blocks molecule that can trigger the disease.A drug commonly used to control high blood pressure may also help prevent the onset of type 1 diabetes in up to 60 percent of those at […]

Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in 4 US Communities, study


Children affected by prenatal drinking more numerous than previously estimated. eurekalert.org. February 06, 2018. Findings suggest rates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders may be similar to autism spectrum disorders. Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine found a significant number of children across four regions in the United States were determined to […]

Why poison ivy is so itchy and how researchs are working to quell the rash, study


Mouse study shows antibody can soothe raging, nerve-driven poison ivy itch.sciencedaily.com. November 07, 2016. Summary: Scientists have developed a strategy to stop the uncontrollable itch caused by urushiol, the oily sap common to poison ivy, poison sumac, poison oak and even mango trees. The team found that by blocking an immune system protein in the […]

Chloramphenicol may fight bacteria in a different way from what doctors thought for years


Two antibiotics fight bacteria differently than thought. eurekalert.org. November 01, 2016. Two widely prescribed antibiotics — chloramphenicol and linezolid — may fight bacteria in a different way from what scientists and doctors thought for years, University of Illinois at Chicago researchers have found. Instead of indiscriminately stopping protein synthesis, the drugs put the brakes on […]

Flavorings used in e-cigarettes can increase the toxicity of the vapor that users inhale


Flavorings, higher voltage increase toxicity of e-cigs. sciencedaily.com. September 19, 2016. Summary:Several flavorings added to electronic cigarettes impact the toxicity of the devices, say researchers, adding that, among the tested flavors, strawberry was the most toxic. The researchers also confirmed an earlier finding that increasing the battery output voltage of these devices significantly increases toxicity. […]

Epigenetic signatures of cigarette smoking, study


Smoking has a very broad, long-lasting impact on the human genome. sciencedaily.com. September 21, 2016. Summary:Smoking leaves its "footprint" on the human genome in the form of DNA methylation, a process by which cells control gene activity, according to new research. Even after someone stops smoking, the effects of smoking remain in their DNA. Aquí […]

For some teens with bipolar disorder, the risk that they will abuse drugs may increase


Kids With Bipolar Disorder More Likely to Abuse Drugs, Alcohol: Study. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov.  September 16, 2016. And those who also have conduct disorder seem to face an even greater risk. For some teens with bipolar disorder, the risk that they will abuse alcohol and drugs may increase as they get older, a new […]

Researchers have discovered the molecular cause of itchy painful rash with poison ivy leaves


Immune breakthrough: Unscratching poison ivy’s rash. sciencedaily.com.  August 23, 2016. Summary: We all know that a brush with poison ivy leaves us with an itchy painful rash. Now researchers have discovered the molecular cause of this irritation. The finding brings us a step closer to designing agents to block this mechanism and sheds light on […]

Structure-based discovery of opioid analgesics with reduced side effects


Safer opioid painkiller made from scratch. sciencedaily.com. August 17, 2016. New compound, tested in mice, could reduce overdoses and possibly curb addiction. Summary: Researchers have developed a new opioid drug candidate that blocks pain without triggering the dangerous side effects of current prescription painkillers. Their secret? Starting from scratch — with computational techniques that let […]


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