Bienvenido al ::: SerTox :::!

     Menú
· Noticias
· Institucional
· Investigación
· Materiales Educativos
· Biblioteca multimedia
· Preguntas frecuentes
· Boletín
· Buscar
· Contáctenos
· Enlaces - Directorio
· Glosario
· Noticias x Mes
· Temas
· Top 15

EnglishSpanish

     Buscar


     Categorías
· Todas las Categorías
· Aportes
· Ejercicios
· Informan / Escriben
· La prensa
· Noticias del Sertox
· Recomendamos
· Toxicología al día
· Trivia toxicológica
· zNo sólo de tóxicos

     Blogs



     Manifiesto amianto





 Toxicología al día: New JAMA article about marijuana use and pulmonary function

Ver Imagen

Hoja de marihuana (Foto: Sertox )

Association Between Marijuana Exposure and Pulmonary Function Over 20 Years. Mark J. Pletcher,Eric Vittinghoff, Ravi Kalhan, et al. JAMA January 11, 2012, Vol 307, No. 2, pp 115-213.Abstract:
Context Marijuana smoke contains many of the same constituents as tobacco smoke, but whether it has similar adverse effects on pulmonary function is unclear.
Objective To analyze associations between marijuana (both current and lifetime exposure) and pulmonary function.



Design, Setting, and Participants The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, a longitudinal study collecting repeated measurements of pulmonary function and smoking over 20 years (March 26, 1985-August 19, 2006) in a cohort of 5115 men and women in 4 US cities. Mixed linear modeling was used to account for individual age-based trajectories of pulmonary function and other covariates including tobacco use, which was analyzed in parallel as a positive control. Lifetime exposure to marijuana joints was expressed in joint-years, with 1 joint-year of exposure equivalent to smoking 365 joints or filled pipe bowls.

Main Outcome Measures Forced expiratory volume in the first second of expiration (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC).

Results Marijuana exposure was nearly as common as tobacco exposure but was mostly light (median, 2-3 episodes per month). Tobacco exposure, both current and lifetime, was linearly associated with lower FEV1 and FVC. In contrast, the association between marijuana exposure and pulmonary function was nonlinear (P < .001): at low levels of exposure, FEV1 increased by 13 mL/joint-year (95% CI, 6.4 to 20; P < .001) and FVC by 20 mL/joint-year (95% CI, 12 to 27; P < .001), but at higher levels of exposure, these associations leveled or even reversed. The slope for FEV1 was −2.2 mL/joint-year (95% CI, −4.6 to 0.3; P = .08) at more than 10 joint-years and −3.2 mL per marijuana smoking episode/mo (95% CI, −5.8 to −0.6; P = .02) at more than 20 episodes/mo. With very heavy marijuana use, the net association with FEV1 was not significantly different from baseline, and the net association with FVC remained significantly greater than baseline (eg, at 20 joint-years, 76 mL [95% CI, 34 to 117]; P < .001).

Conclusion Occasional and low cumulative marijuana use was not associated with adverse effects on pulmonary function.

Enviado por jcp el 11 enero 2012 00:00:00 (1143 Lecturas)






Artículos e imágenes de:
 Artículos y Textos Científicos
Artículos y Textos Científicos
Aportes de Javier Waksman
Aportes de Javier Waksman
 Drogas: Marihuana / Cannabis
Drogas: Marihuana / Cannabis
 País: Estados Unidos y Canadá
País: Estados Unidos y Canadá

 
     Enlaces Relacionados


Noticia más leída sobre Artículos y Textos Científicos:
De Martín Cañás: Herbalife + hepatotoxicidad


     Votos del Artículo
Puntuación Promedio: 0
votos: 0

Por favor tómate un segundo y vota por este artículo:

Excelente
Muy Bueno
Bueno
Regular
Malo







Todos los logos y marcas registradas son propiedad de sus respectivos dueños. Los comentarios son propiedad de quienes lo envían, todo el resto © 2006-2011 by Sertox.

Webs Asociadas: www.country2.com / Radio FM Estacion San Pedro / Lombó Teatro Salamanca - Zamora

PHP-Nuke Copyright © 2005 by Francisco Burzi. This is free software, and you may redistribute it under the GPL. PHP-Nuke comes with absolutely no warranty, for details, see the license.
Página Generada en: 0.78 Segundos