Bienvenido al ::: SerTox :::!

     Menú
· Noticias
· Institucional
· Investigación
· Materiales Educativos
· Biblioteca multimedia
· Preguntas frecuentes
· Boletín
· Buscar
· Contáctenos
· Enlaces - Directorio
· Glosario
· Noticias x Mes
· Temas
· Top 15

EnglishSpanish

     Buscar


     Categorías
· Todas las Categorías
· Aportes
· Ejercicios
· Informan / Escriben
· La prensa
· Noticias del Sertox
· Recomendamos
· Toxicología al día
· Trivia toxicológica
· zNo sólo de tóxicos

     Blogs



     Manifiesto amianto





 Toxicología al día: Misuse of prescription opioid painkillers by adults more than doubled from the 2000s to 2013 in US

Ver Imagen

Sobredosis de metadona y otros opioides (Foto: CDC)

Opioid Update: Painkiller Misuse in U.S. Doubled in Decade Over 4 percent of adults reported nonmedical use of drugs like OxyContin in 2012-2013. By Robert Preidt. nlm.nih.gov. June 24, 2016. More bad news from the U.S. drug wars: Misuse of prescription opioid painkillers by American adults more than doubled from the early 2000s to 2013, a new government study says.Rates of addiction to powerful painkillers such as OxyContin and Vicodin also swelled during that time, according to the U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA).



HealthDay news image
"The increasing misuse of prescription opioid pain relievers poses a myriad of serious public health consequences," said Dr. Nora Volkow, director of the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse, which contributed funding for the study. These consequences range from addiction and overdose deaths to use of heroin, an illicit opioid, she said.

Survey results indicated more than 4 percent of adults reported nonmedical use of addictive opioids in 2012-2013. This means they took the drug without a prescription or more of the drug than prescribed or for longer periods or more often. Ten years earlier, less than 2 percent of adults reported such risky behavior.

Moreover, the proportion of adults who reported nonmedical use of opioids at some point in their lives rose from 4.7 percent to more than 11 percent during the study period.

And 2.1 million Americans met the criteria for prescription opioid use disorder, or opioid addiction, in 2012-2013.

The consequence are wide-ranging, Volkow pointed out. "These include increases in opioid use disorders and related fatalities from overdoses, as well as the rising incidence of newborns who experience neonatal abstinence syndrome," she said in a government news release.

In addition, Volkow said prescription opioid misuse can progress to intravenous heroin use. This in turn raises the risk for HIV, hepatitis C and other infections among people sharing needles, she explained.

According to the report, rates of prescription opioid misuse were highest among: men; people with annual incomes less than $70,000; those previously married; and people with a high school education or less.

Misuse was also higher among whites and Native Americans and those living in the Midwest and West, the study found.

NIAAA director George Koob said, "Given the dramatic increase in nonmedical use of prescription opioids, it is important that clinicians and patients also recognize the potent interaction of opioids with alcohol and other sedative-hypnotic drugs -- an interaction that can be lethal."

People who've had an alcohol use disorder are nearly twice as likely to also develop an opioid addiction, government data shows.

Treatment for misuse and abuse of prescription painkillers lags far behind the need, the study suggests.

Only about 5 percent of adults who misused prescription opioids in the past year and 17 percent of those with prescription opioid addiction ever receive treatment, researchers found. Recommended treatment includes medication and behavioral counseling.

The study was published online June 22 in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

SOURCE: U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, news release, June 22, 2016

HealthDay

Enviado por jcp el 28 junio 2016 00:00:00 (102 Lecturas)






Artículos e imágenes de:
Aspectos históricos legales regulatorios
Aspectos históricos legales regulatorios
 Drogas: Opioides
Drogas: Opioides
 Medicamentos
Medicamentos
 País: Estados Unidos y Canadá
País: Estados Unidos y Canadá

 
     Enlaces Relacionados


Noticia más leída sobre Aspectos históricos legales regulatorios:
Restricción al piroxican, toxina botulínica, y más.


     Votos del Artículo
Puntuación Promedio: 0
votos: 0

Por favor tómate un segundo y vota por este artículo:

Excelente
Muy Bueno
Bueno
Regular
Malo


     Publicidad






Todos los logos y marcas registradas son propiedad de sus respectivos dueños. Los comentarios son propiedad de quienes lo envían, todo el resto © 2006-2011 by Sertox.

Webs Asociadas: www.country2.com / Radio FM Estacion San Pedro / Lombó Teatro Salamanca - Zamora

PHP-Nuke Copyright © 2005 by Francisco Burzi. This is free software, and you may redistribute it under the GPL. PHP-Nuke comes with absolutely no warranty, for details, see the license.
Página Generada en: 0.05 Segundos