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April-May  2017 Newsletter: See

 US veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars use opioid painkillers like general population

Opioid Use by Iraq, Afghanistan War Vets Mirrors Rest of U.S.: Study. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov. April 27, 2017. Researchers conclude that use of the painkillers is 'an American problem,' not a VA problem.U.S. veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars use opioid painkillers at rates similar to that of the general population, a new study finds.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Martes, mayo 02 @ 00:00:00 ART (20 reads)

 Fatal US Crashes:deaths due to drugged driving are rising as states legalize pot and drug abuse grow

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¡Tumba carnera! (Photo: Sertox )

Drugs Now Involved in More Fatal U.S. Crashes Than Alcohol Alone. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov. April 27, 2017. Study suggests deaths due to drugged driving are rising as states legalize pot and drug abuse grow. In vehicle crashes that claim American lives, illicit drugs are now more likely to have played a role than the use of alcohol on its own, a new report says.The trend comes as more states legalize marijuana and the nation faces a troubling rise in opioid abuse and drug overdose deaths, the researchers noted.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Martes, mayo 02 @ 00:00:00 ART (21 reads)

 Tests for more than 700 chemicals in 38 waterways turned up surprising combinations with unknown eff

Chemicals Found in Many U.S. Streams: Study. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov. April 12, 2017. Tests for more than 700 chemicals in 38 waterways turned up surprising combinations with unknown effects.The mixture of pollutants in many U.S. streams are more complicated and potentially more dangerous than previously thought, a new study suggests. Researchers checked for 719 organic chemicals in water samples from 38 streams across the United States and found more than half of those chemicals in the different samples. Every stream -- even those in wild and uninhabited areas -- had at least one of the chemicals and some had as many as 162, the study found. It was led by scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey and the Environmental Protection Agency.


FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, abril 14 @ 00:00:00 ART (36 reads)

 Young children are at high risk for accidental poisoning

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Niños/kids (Photo: Sertox )

How to Protect Your Child From Accidental Poisoning. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov.  April 09, 2017. Kids under 6 account for 1 million calls to U.S. poison control centers a year. Young children are at high risk for accidental poisoning, so parents and other caregivers need to take precautions, a pediatric toxicologist says. Children under age 6 account for about half of the more than 2 million poisonings reported each year to U.S. poison centers, according to the American Association of Poison Control Centers.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Martes, abril 11 @ 00:00:00 ART (43 reads)

 One addiction specialist blamed the lax use of prescription opioid painkillers for the surge in hero

Heroin Epidemic Expands Its Grip on America. medlineplus.gov.  March 29, 2017.Use of the narcotic grew 5-fold in a decade, helped by scourge of prescription painkiller abuse.Heroin use in the United States jumped fivefold over a decade, and young, white males are the epidemic's most likely victims, a new study finds. One addiction specialist blamed the lax use of prescription opioid painkillers -- narcotics such as Oxycontin, Percocet and Vicodin -- for the surge in heroin use.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Lunes, abril 03 @ 00:00:00 ART (37 reads)

 People recovering from drug abuse are more likely to be successful if they do not smoke cigarettes

Smoking Slows Recovery From Drug Abuse. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov. March 27, 201. People who smoke cigarettes more likely to relapse after battling drug addiction. People recovering from illicit drug abuse are more likely to be successful if they don't smoke cigarettes, a new study finds.Most illicit drug users also smoke cigarettes, but many substance abuse programs do not include treatment for nicotine dependence, the study authors said. "The thinking in clinical settings has been that asking patients to quit cigarette smoking while they try to stop using drugs is 'too difficult,' or that smoking may be helpful in remaining abstinent from alcohol and drugs, but it is not related whether or not one remains abstinent from illicit drug use over the long term," said study leader Renee Goodwin.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Lunes, abril 03 @ 00:00:00 ART (46 reads)

 Mixing opioid painkillers with Xanax or Valium is a prescription for a deadly overdose

Opioid Painkillers and Xanax or Valium a Deadly Mix: Study. medlineplus.gov. March 15, 2017. 30 percent of fatal opioid overdoses involved both types of meds, but number of people prescribed both has spiked. Mixing opioid painkillers with common anxiety and sleep medications is a prescription for a deadly overdose, a new U.S. study shows.


FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, marzo 17 @ 00:00:00 ART (47 reads)

 Maternal exposition to pyrethroids during pregnancy linked with behavioral problems in children

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Exposición prenatal a ... (Photo: SerTox)

Could Common Insecticides Be Tied to Behavior Issues in Kids?. By Robert Preidt. medilineplus.gov. March 02, 2017. Study can't prove cause-and-effect, but children exposed in utero to pyrethroids had more problems. Children exposed to a widely used group of insecticides may be at increased risk for behavioral problems, according to a new study.The insecticides are called pyrethroids. They're used on crops but can also be found in some mosquito repellents and in products used to treat head lice, scabies and fleas, the French research team explained.Like many types of insecticides, pyrethroids work by damaging nerves, and concerns have recently been raised about their possible effects on children who have been exposed.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Lunes, marzo 06 @ 00:00:00 ART (106 reads)

 The American Academy of Pediatrics is urging doctors to protect children from the harms of marijuana

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Hoja de marihuana (Photo: Sertox )

As Pot Legalization Advances, Pediatricians Warn of Dangers. By Randy Dotinga. medlineplus.gov.  February 27, 2017. Marijuana isn't benign, child health experts contend. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is urging doctors to protect children from the harms of marijuana as the nation becomes increasingly tolerant of the drug's use.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Miércoles, marzo 01 @ 00:00:00 ART (65 reads)

 An Australian boy has survived being bitten by spider after being treated with 12 vials of anti-veno

Australian spider bite boy saved by massive anti-venom dose. bbcnews. February 24, 2017. A 10-year-old Australian boy has survived being bitten by one of the world's most venomous spiders after being treated with 12 vials of anti-venom, reports say.It is thought to be one of the largest doses of anti-venom ever administered in Australia. Matthew Mitchell was bitten on his finger by a funnel-web spider while helping his father clear out a shed.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Sábado, febrero 25 @ 00:00:00 ART (77 reads)

 Illness that killed many children in Bihar, India was caused by eating lychees on an empty stomach

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Frutos de lichí (Photo: WP)

Indian children died after 'eating lychees on empty stomach'. bbcnews. February 01, 2017.S and Indian scientists say a mystery illness that killed more than 100 children a year in northern India was caused by eating lychees on an empty stomach.
For more than two decades, apparently healthy children in a region of Bihar suffered sudden seizures and lost consciousness.
Almost half died, baffling doctors. New research, published in the medical journal The Lancet, now suggests they were poisoned by the fruit.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Sábado, febrero 04 @ 00:00:00 ART (53 reads)

 Red yeast rice could increase risk of muscle injury or liver damage

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Arroz de levadura roja (Photo: WP)

'Red Yeast Rice' Statin Alternative Not Harmless Either, Study Says. medlineplus.gov. January 24, 2017. The supplements linked to muscle pain, other adverse effects similar to statins. A natural cholesterol-lowering supplement called red yeast rice could pose the same health risks to users as statin drugs, a new study contends. Red yeast rice could increase risk of muscle injury or liver damage, Italian researchers reported after reviewing 13 years of patient data."These findings raise the hypothesis that the safety profile of red yeast rice is highly similar to that of synthetic statins and warrants further investigations to finally characterize the safety profile of red yeast rice," the researchers concluded.

See original full text in BJCP: Adverse reactions to dietary supplements containing red yeast rice: assessment of cases from the Italian surveillance system 

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Jueves, enero 26 @ 00:00:00 ART (112 reads)

  About 119,000 children worldwide are born each year with fetal alcohol syndrome

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Embarazo y alcohol (Photo: CDC)

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome a Global Problem: Report. By Robert Preidt. medline.plus. January 17, 2017. Countries with highest alcohol use during pregnancy include Belarus, Britain, Denmark, Ireland and Russia. About 119,000 children worldwide are born each year with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), a new report finds.The syndrome refers to a group of conditions that include poor growth for the baby both in the womb and after birth, and mental, physical and developmental problems for the child that can last through adulthood, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, enero 20 @ 00:00:00 ART (134 reads)

 A study suggests that people who abuse alcohol also boost their risk of three cardiac conditions

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Perfil de un hombre bebiendo (Photo: bbcmundo)

Study Ties Alcohol Abuse to Increased Heart Risks. By Randy Dotinga. medlineplus.gov.January 03, 2017. Association similar to that from high blood pressure, smoking, obesity and diabetes, researchers say. A new study suggests that people who abuse alcohol also boost their risk of three cardiac conditions: atrial fibrillation, heart attack and congestive heart failure. The possible added risk appears to be about the same as that linked to high blood pressure, smoking, obesity and diabetes, the researchers said.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Miércoles, enero 04 @ 00:00:00 ART (77 reads)

 Survey finds the OTC drugs for insomnia are taken for periods far longer than their intended use

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Sin pastillas para dormir.... (Photo: SerTox)

Many Misuse OTC Sleep Aids: Survey. medlineplus.gov.  December 29, 2016. Consumer Reports finds the non-prescription drugs are taken for periods far longer than their intended use. People struggling with insomnia often turn to non-prescription sleep remedies that may be habit-forming and are only intended for short-term use, according to a new Consumer Reports survey.The survey found that 18 percent of people who said they'd taken such over-the-counter drugs in the past year did so on a daily basis. And 41 percent said they'd taken them for a year or longer.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Martes, enero 03 @ 00:00:00 ART (112 reads)

 A case study highlights the danger liquid nicotine for electronic cigarettes poses to children

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Cigarrillo electrónico en uso (Photo: elmundo.es)

Kids Landing in ERs After Drinking Parents'E-Cig Nicotine Liquid. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov. December 27, 2016. In one case, a 6-year-old wound up in intensive care.A case study highlights the danger liquid nicotine for electronic cigarettes poses to children. Doctors in Oregon described the case of a 6-year-old girl who accidentally swallowed liquid nicotine used in her parents' e-cigarettes. The girl's mother had filled an empty ibuprofen bottle with liquid nicotine that she had mixed herself using unflavored nicotine and vegetable glycerin.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, diciembre 30 @ 00:00:00 ART (69 reads)

 General anesthetic may harm the developing brains of fetuses and children younger than 3 years old

FDA Issues Anesthesia Warning for Pregnant Women, Kids Under 3. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov December 14, 2016. A long time under or repeated episodes of sedation may pose risk to developing brains, agency says. Repeated or lengthy use -- longer than three hours -- of general anesthetic and sedation drugs may harm the developing brains of fetuses and children younger than 3 years old, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned Wednesday. After reviewing the latest published studies, the agency announced that these warnings need to be added to the labels of these drugs.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, diciembre 16 @ 00:00:00 ART (97 reads)

 Hazards and risks linked with exotic pets: medical calculators for exotic animal bites and diseases

5 Medical Calculators for Exotic Animal Bites and Risk. By  John Svirbely. blog.medicalalgorithms.com. 
Some people are drawn to the exotic or esoteric, including their choice of pets. Exotic pets have become widespread in the United States and many other countries. While a source of enjoyment for the owners, these pets can cause serious problems and present many dangers, especially when they bite. What follows is a discussion of the hazards and risks associated with exotic pets, as well as medical calculators for exotic animal bites and diseases.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Miércoles, diciembre 14 @ 00:00:00 ART (85 reads)

 There are a number of questions you should ask if a doctor prescribes opioid painkillers, FDA says

What You Need to Know When Prescribed an Opioid Painkiller. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov.  December 12, 2016. Tell your doctor if you or anyone in your family has a substance abuse problem. There are a number of questions you should ask if a doctor or other health care provider prescribes opioid painkillers such as Oxycontin, Vicodin, codeine and morphine, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. While approved to treat certain kinds of acute and chronic pain, opioids can have serious side effects, and the United States is in the mist of an opioid overuse epidemic.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Miércoles, diciembre 14 @ 00:00:00 ART (83 reads)

 During the holiday season, alcohol-related accidents and deaths are a part of the festivities

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(Photo: Puño/elmundo.es)

Alcohol Can Be a Risky Guest at Holiday Parties. By Mary Elizabeth Dallas. medlineplus.gov. December 11, 2016. Don't pressure people to drink and make sure those who are imbibing have a designated driver.During the holiday season, gatherings and parties are a part of the festivities. Unfortunately, so are alcohol-related accidents and deaths.Many people who attend seasonal parties seldom drink alcohol, making them more vulnerable to its effects, according to experts at UC Davis Health System in California. Meanwhile, heavy drinkers may use holiday gatherings as an opportunity to let loose and drink too much, the experts cautioned.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Martes, diciembre 13 @ 00:00:00 ART (76 reads)





     Trivia
 Trivia # 351: Bauhinia forficata

Toxicological trivia from September 02, 2016: Bauhinia forficata, commonly known as Brazilian orchid tree, Pata de Vaca,  is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to Argentina, Brazil and Peru.Its flowers are white and pinkish, and is similar to an orchid. Deciduous leaves are lobed and the name "pata de vaca" resemble the imprint of a hoof there. It timber, known as false mahogany advantage, although its most widespread use is as a medicinal plant. In this sense, they have been well studied by their properties as:
a) Hypoglycemic and diuretic;
b) It is also used as an astringent, healing and antiseptic;
c) Both previous assertions are correct.




READ ANSWER...
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