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February-March  2017 Newsletter: See

 Mixing opioid painkillers with Xanax or Valium is a prescription for a deadly overdose

Opioid Painkillers and Xanax or Valium a Deadly Mix: Study. medlineplus.gov. March 15, 2017. 30 percent of fatal opioid overdoses involved both types of meds, but number of people prescribed both has spiked. Mixing opioid painkillers with common anxiety and sleep medications is a prescription for a deadly overdose, a new U.S. study shows.


FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, marzo 17 @ 00:00:00 ART (22 reads)

 Maternal exposition to pyrethroids during pregnancy linked with behavioral problems in children

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Exposición prenatal a ... (Photo: SerTox)

Could Common Insecticides Be Tied to Behavior Issues in Kids?. By Robert Preidt. medilineplus.gov. March 02, 2017. Study can't prove cause-and-effect, but children exposed in utero to pyrethroids had more problems. Children exposed to a widely used group of insecticides may be at increased risk for behavioral problems, according to a new study.The insecticides are called pyrethroids. They're used on crops but can also be found in some mosquito repellents and in products used to treat head lice, scabies and fleas, the French research team explained.Like many types of insecticides, pyrethroids work by damaging nerves, and concerns have recently been raised about their possible effects on children who have been exposed.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Lunes, marzo 06 @ 00:00:00 ART (48 reads)

 The American Academy of Pediatrics is urging doctors to protect children from the harms of marijuana

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Hoja de marihuana (Photo: Sertox )

As Pot Legalization Advances, Pediatricians Warn of Dangers. By Randy Dotinga. medlineplus.gov.  February 27, 2017. Marijuana isn't benign, child health experts contend. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is urging doctors to protect children from the harms of marijuana as the nation becomes increasingly tolerant of the drug's use.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Miércoles, marzo 01 @ 00:00:00 ART (31 reads)

 An Australian boy has survived being bitten by spider after being treated with 12 vials of anti-veno

Australian spider bite boy saved by massive anti-venom dose. bbcnews. February 24, 2017. A 10-year-old Australian boy has survived being bitten by one of the world's most venomous spiders after being treated with 12 vials of anti-venom, reports say.It is thought to be one of the largest doses of anti-venom ever administered in Australia. Matthew Mitchell was bitten on his finger by a funnel-web spider while helping his father clear out a shed.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Sábado, febrero 25 @ 00:00:00 ART (41 reads)

 Illness that killed many children in Bihar, India was caused by eating lychees on an empty stomach

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Frutos de lichí (Photo: WP)

Indian children died after 'eating lychees on empty stomach'. bbcnews. February 01, 2017.S and Indian scientists say a mystery illness that killed more than 100 children a year in northern India was caused by eating lychees on an empty stomach.
For more than two decades, apparently healthy children in a region of Bihar suffered sudden seizures and lost consciousness.
Almost half died, baffling doctors. New research, published in the medical journal The Lancet, now suggests they were poisoned by the fruit.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Sábado, febrero 04 @ 00:00:00 ART (31 reads)

 Red yeast rice could increase risk of muscle injury or liver damage

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Arroz de levadura roja (Photo: WP)

'Red Yeast Rice' Statin Alternative Not Harmless Either, Study Says. medlineplus.gov. January 24, 2017. The supplements linked to muscle pain, other adverse effects similar to statins. A natural cholesterol-lowering supplement called red yeast rice could pose the same health risks to users as statin drugs, a new study contends. Red yeast rice could increase risk of muscle injury or liver damage, Italian researchers reported after reviewing 13 years of patient data."These findings raise the hypothesis that the safety profile of red yeast rice is highly similar to that of synthetic statins and warrants further investigations to finally characterize the safety profile of red yeast rice," the researchers concluded.

See original full text in BJCP: Adverse reactions to dietary supplements containing red yeast rice: assessment of cases from the Italian surveillance system 

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Jueves, enero 26 @ 00:00:00 ART (65 reads)

  About 119,000 children worldwide are born each year with fetal alcohol syndrome

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Embarazo y alcohol (Photo: CDC)

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome a Global Problem: Report. By Robert Preidt. medline.plus. January 17, 2017. Countries with highest alcohol use during pregnancy include Belarus, Britain, Denmark, Ireland and Russia. About 119,000 children worldwide are born each year with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), a new report finds.The syndrome refers to a group of conditions that include poor growth for the baby both in the womb and after birth, and mental, physical and developmental problems for the child that can last through adulthood, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, enero 20 @ 00:00:00 ART (81 reads)

 A study suggests that people who abuse alcohol also boost their risk of three cardiac conditions

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Perfil de un hombre bebiendo (Photo: bbcmundo)

Study Ties Alcohol Abuse to Increased Heart Risks. By Randy Dotinga. medlineplus.gov.January 03, 2017. Association similar to that from high blood pressure, smoking, obesity and diabetes, researchers say. A new study suggests that people who abuse alcohol also boost their risk of three cardiac conditions: atrial fibrillation, heart attack and congestive heart failure. The possible added risk appears to be about the same as that linked to high blood pressure, smoking, obesity and diabetes, the researchers said.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Miércoles, enero 04 @ 00:00:00 ART (48 reads)

 Survey finds the OTC drugs for insomnia are taken for periods far longer than their intended use

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Sin pastillas para dormir.... (Photo: SerTox)

Many Misuse OTC Sleep Aids: Survey. medlineplus.gov.  December 29, 2016. Consumer Reports finds the non-prescription drugs are taken for periods far longer than their intended use. People struggling with insomnia often turn to non-prescription sleep remedies that may be habit-forming and are only intended for short-term use, according to a new Consumer Reports survey.The survey found that 18 percent of people who said they'd taken such over-the-counter drugs in the past year did so on a daily basis. And 41 percent said they'd taken them for a year or longer.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Martes, enero 03 @ 00:00:00 ART (60 reads)

 A case study highlights the danger liquid nicotine for electronic cigarettes poses to children

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Cigarrillo electrónico en uso (Photo: elmundo.es)

Kids Landing in ERs After Drinking Parents'E-Cig Nicotine Liquid. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov. December 27, 2016. In one case, a 6-year-old wound up in intensive care.A case study highlights the danger liquid nicotine for electronic cigarettes poses to children. Doctors in Oregon described the case of a 6-year-old girl who accidentally swallowed liquid nicotine used in her parents' e-cigarettes. The girl's mother had filled an empty ibuprofen bottle with liquid nicotine that she had mixed herself using unflavored nicotine and vegetable glycerin.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, diciembre 30 @ 00:00:00 ART (46 reads)

 General anesthetic may harm the developing brains of fetuses and children younger than 3 years old

FDA Issues Anesthesia Warning for Pregnant Women, Kids Under 3. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov December 14, 2016. A long time under or repeated episodes of sedation may pose risk to developing brains, agency says. Repeated or lengthy use -- longer than three hours -- of general anesthetic and sedation drugs may harm the developing brains of fetuses and children younger than 3 years old, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned Wednesday. After reviewing the latest published studies, the agency announced that these warnings need to be added to the labels of these drugs.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, diciembre 16 @ 00:00:00 ART (68 reads)

 Hazards and risks linked with exotic pets: medical calculators for exotic animal bites and diseases

5 Medical Calculators for Exotic Animal Bites and Risk. By  John Svirbely. blog.medicalalgorithms.com. 
Some people are drawn to the exotic or esoteric, including their choice of pets. Exotic pets have become widespread in the United States and many other countries. While a source of enjoyment for the owners, these pets can cause serious problems and present many dangers, especially when they bite. What follows is a discussion of the hazards and risks associated with exotic pets, as well as medical calculators for exotic animal bites and diseases.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Miércoles, diciembre 14 @ 00:00:00 ART (61 reads)

 There are a number of questions you should ask if a doctor prescribes opioid painkillers, FDA says

What You Need to Know When Prescribed an Opioid Painkiller. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov.  December 12, 2016. Tell your doctor if you or anyone in your family has a substance abuse problem. There are a number of questions you should ask if a doctor or other health care provider prescribes opioid painkillers such as Oxycontin, Vicodin, codeine and morphine, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. While approved to treat certain kinds of acute and chronic pain, opioids can have serious side effects, and the United States is in the mist of an opioid overuse epidemic.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Miércoles, diciembre 14 @ 00:00:00 ART (61 reads)

 During the holiday season, alcohol-related accidents and deaths are a part of the festivities

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(Photo: Puño/elmundo.es)

Alcohol Can Be a Risky Guest at Holiday Parties. By Mary Elizabeth Dallas. medlineplus.gov. December 11, 2016. Don't pressure people to drink and make sure those who are imbibing have a designated driver.During the holiday season, gatherings and parties are a part of the festivities. Unfortunately, so are alcohol-related accidents and deaths.Many people who attend seasonal parties seldom drink alcohol, making them more vulnerable to its effects, according to experts at UC Davis Health System in California. Meanwhile, heavy drinkers may use holiday gatherings as an opportunity to let loose and drink too much, the experts cautioned.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Martes, diciembre 13 @ 00:00:00 ART (54 reads)

 Smoking pot regularly may be linked to a limited degree of vision impairment, study

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Hoja de marihuana (Photo: Sertox )

Could Regular Pot Smoking Harm Vision?. medlineplus.gov.  December 08, 2016. Study suggests that it might slow signaling among cells that deliver visual information to the brain. Smoking pot regularly may be linked to a limited degree of vision impairment, a new French study suggests. The finding stems from very preliminary research involving just 52 participants, 28 of whom were regular marijuana users. That meant they used marijuana at least seven times a week.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Martes, diciembre 13 @ 00:00:00 ART (55 reads)

 Americans 65-plus more than doubled their use of marijuana over 8 years, study finds

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Hoja de marihuana (Photo: Sertox )

Baby Boomers Going to Pot. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov. December 6, 2016. Americans 65-plus more than doubled their use of marijuana over 8 years, study finds. More older Americans are rolling joints or firing up their bongs, a new study on marijuana use finds. "Given the unprecedented aging of the U.S. population, we are facing a never before seen cohort of older adults who use recreational drugs," said Dr. Benjamin Han. He is a geriatrician and health services researcher at the Center for Drug Use and HIV Research (CDUHR) at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, diciembre 09 @ 00:00:00 ART (50 reads)

 US doctors still overprescribing drugs like antibiotics, study

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Medicamentos a granel (Photo: elmundo.es)

U.S. Doctors Still Over-Prescribing Drugs: Survey. medlineplus.gov. December 05, 2016. More than 1 in 4 say antibiotics are given when the drugs will likely do no good. Despite evidence that certain drugs aren't always necessary, doctors are still prescribing these treatments, a new survey of doctors reveals. Antibiotics are by far the drugs most frequently used in situations where they'll provide no value for patients. The survey found that more than a quarter of doctors surveyed (27 percent) said that antibiotics are often administered to patients when the drugs will do no good.


FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Miércoles, diciembre 07 @ 00:00:00 ART (59 reads)

 Trivia # 361: senecio I

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¿Senecio o rúcula? (Photo: Sertox )

Toxicological trivia from December 02, 2016: Senecio  is a genus of the daisy family (Asteraceae) that includes ragworts and groundsels. The scientific Latin genus name, Senecio, means "old man."Despite the separation of many species into other genera, the genus still contains c. 1250 species and is one of the largest genera of flowering plants. The genus is nearly worldwide distributed  and it evolved in the mid to late Miocene.Some species produce natural biocides (especially alkaloids) to deter or even kill animals that would eat them. Senecio species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species — see list of Lepidoptera that feed on Senecio. In SerTox we upload a news in Spanish titled: Salad with senecio in Germany to refer a customer who found senecio vulgaris stalks or cane grass in a salad bag. It was in
A) 2009;
B) 2911;
C) 2013.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, diciembre 02 @ 00:00:00 ART (78 reads)

 You are never too old to reap the health benefits of quitting smoking, a new study finds

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A couple of seniors (Photo: SerTox)

It's Never Too Late to Stop Smoking. medlineplus.gov. November 30, 2016. Even quitting in your 60s can add years to your life, researchers find.  You're never too old to reap the health benefits of quitting smoking, a new study finds. "Even participants who quit smoking as recently as in their 60s were 23 percent less likely to die during follow-up than those who continued to smoke into their 70s," said lead researcher Sarah Nash, who conducted the study while at the U.S. National Cancer Institute.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, diciembre 02 @ 00:00:00 ART (57 reads)

 All smokers face a higher risk of heart attack, but the threat is more high among those under 50

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Imagenes históricas (Photo: bbcmundo)

Smoking Raises Heart Attack Risk 8-Fold in People Under 50. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov. November 30, 2016. At all ages, the habit boosted odds for heart trouble, but younger people fared the worst, study found. All smokers face a higher risk of heart attack, but the threat is particularly high among those under 50, a new study finds.Compared to former smokers and nonsmokers in their age group, heart attack risk was nearly 8.5 times higher for smokers younger than 50, British researchers found.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Jueves, diciembre 01 @ 00:00:00 ART (53 reads)





     Trivia
 Trivia # 351: Bauhinia forficata

Toxicological trivia from September 02, 2016: Bauhinia forficata, commonly known as Brazilian orchid tree, Pata de Vaca,  is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to Argentina, Brazil and Peru.Its flowers are white and pinkish, and is similar to an orchid. Deciduous leaves are lobed and the name "pata de vaca" resemble the imprint of a hoof there. It timber, known as false mahogany advantage, although its most widespread use is as a medicinal plant. In this sense, they have been well studied by their properties as:
a) Hypoglycemic and diuretic;
b) It is also used as an astringent, healing and antiseptic;
c) Both previous assertions are correct.




READ ANSWER...
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