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July 2017 Newsletter: See

 The solution of opioid abuse epidemic in US would be a long time in coming

Ending U.S. Opioid Abuse Epidemic Will Take Years: Report. By Margaret Farley Steele. medlineplus.gov. July 13, 2017. Expert panel calls for tighter painkiller prescribing practices without denying patients in need. Scientists who've developed a wide-ranging "action plan" to combat the U.S. opioid abuse epidemic warn there's no quick fix.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, julio 21 @ 00:00:00 ART (3 reads)

 Two commonly used drugs can repair damage caused by alcohol in utero, study

Reversing fetal alcohol damage after birth: Study offers hope. sciencedaily.com. July 18, 2017. Two commonly used drugs can repair damage caused by alcohol in utero. Two commonly used drugs erased the learning and memory deficits caused by fetal alcohol exposure when the drugs were given after birth, thus potentially identifying a treatment for the disorder, reports a new study. The scientists also newly identified a key molecular mechanism by which alcohol neurologically and developmentally harms the developing fetus.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, julio 21 @ 00:00:00 ART (3 reads)

 Three simple steps might cut about a third opioid OD deaths in US, a new study suggests

3 Simple Steps Might Reduce Opioid OD Deaths. medlineplus.gov.  June 28, 2017. First step: Don't give addicts a prescription for opioids or anti-anxiety medications, review recommends. In 2015, America's opioid epidemic took the lives of more than 33,000 people, but three simple steps might cut that number by about a third, a new study suggests.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, junio 30 @ 00:00:00 ART (21 reads)

 CDC has recommended a three-day limit on prescription opioid painkillers for patients

When Is an Opioid Safe to Take?medlineplus.gov. une 26, 2017. Doctors say it can treat intense pain, but patients should stay on the drug for shortest time possible.Many people in pain are apprehensive about taking an opioid painkiller to ease their suffering, and rightfully so.
Widespread use of opioids for pain has led to an epidemic of addiction in the United States. Forty lives are lost to prescription drug overdose every day, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Miércoles, junio 28 @ 00:00:00 ART (15 reads)

 Breast Cancer linked to certain Hair Dyes and chemical Relaxers

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Cabello teñido (Photo: SerTox)

Could Certain Hair Dyes, Relaxers Raise Breast Cancer Risk? medlineplus.gov. June 20, 2017. Study findings differ by race, but one expert says they're inconclusive.The safety of hair products has been debated for years. Now, new research suggests that black women who use dark hair dyes face a higher risk of breast cancer, while chemical relaxers and straighteners boost the odds in white women. The findings stem from a study of more than 4,000 women. Use of dark brown or black hair dyes by black women was tied to a 51 percent greater risk of breast cancer. And whites who used hair relaxers had 74 percent higher odds.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, junio 23 @ 00:00:00 ART (20 reads)

 Coalition of scientists from 29 countries said in urging much stricter limits on use of triclosan

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Triclosán 3D (Photo: WP)

Group Urges Tougher Limits on Chemical in Shampoos, Cosmetics. medlineplus.gov. June 20, 2017. Triclosan isn't proven safe or effective, coalition of scientists from 29 countries says.The germ-fighting chemical triclosan has got to go, an international coalition of scientists claims. Triclosan is found in thousands of products ranging from soap and cosmetics to toothpaste and common household items. But evidence has shown that antimicrobials like triclosan not only fall short in killing bacteria, but they may also harm human health, the coalition said in urging much stricter limits on use of the chemical.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, junio 23 @ 00:00:00 ART (27 reads)

 An article about the sexual relations of snakes

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Culebras copulando (Photo: SerTox)

Snake sex is every bit as peculiar as you would expect. By Sandrine Ceurstemont. bbcnews. June 09, 2017. We used to assume that male snakes were in charge and females were largely passive, but that has proved to be spectacularly wrong.When Jesús Rivas removed a female anaconda from a snake orgy in order to examine her, he got a surprise.The anaconda's swollen body suggested she was full of food, so Rivas waited for her to throw up: snakes often vomit after a meal if they have over-eaten or are stressed, to make themselves lighter so they can flee. But instead of a typical prey, like a capybara, a reptilian tail started emerging from her mouth.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Jueves, junio 22 @ 00:00:00 ART (48 reads)

 The societal cost of heroin use disorder in the United States, study

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Heroína, grados de pureza (Photo: WP)

As U.S. Heroin Use Reaches 20-Year High, Cost to Society Soars. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov. June 14, 2017. Tab is nearly $51,000 for each heroin user, far more than many chronic illnesses. Heroin use cost the United States more than $51 billion in 2015, a new study shows. The financial toll includes heroin-related crime and imprisonment. It also includes treatment for addiction as well as chronic infectious diseases contracted through heroin abuse (such as HIV, hepatitis B and C, and tuberculosis), according to researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago.


FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, junio 16 @ 00:00:00 ART (78 reads)

 Marijuana use can increase the risk of periodontal disease

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Hoja de marihuana (Photo: Sertox )

 May Make Your Gums Go to Pot. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov.  June 01, 2017. People who use it frequently twice as likely to have periodontal disease, researchers say. Frequent pot smokers might be dooming themselves to diseased gums, a new study suggests. "It is well known that frequent tobacco use can increase the risk of periodontal [gum] disease, but it was surprising to see that recreational cannabis [pot] users may also be at risk," said study lead author Jaffer Shariff. He is a postdoctoral resident in periodontology at Columbia University School of Dental Medicine.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Lunes, junio 05 @ 00:00:00 ART (53 reads)

 California: 14 people poisoned with Amanita phalloides

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Amanita Phalloides (Photo: WP)

Wild 'Death Cap' Mushroom Seriously Sickens 14 in California. By Margaret Farley Steele. medlineplus.gov. June 01, 2017. Foraging by novices tied to 3 people needing liver transplants and permanent brain damage in a child.A bumper crop of deadly wild "death cap" mushrooms in northern California is likely to blame for the poisonings of 14 people in December, health officials say.The culprit: Amanita phalloides, believed to be the world's most dangerous mushroom.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Lunes, junio 05 @ 00:00:00 ART (39 reads)

 US veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars use opioid painkillers like general population

Opioid Use by Iraq, Afghanistan War Vets Mirrors Rest of U.S.: Study. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov. April 27, 2017. Researchers conclude that use of the painkillers is 'an American problem,' not a VA problem.U.S. veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars use opioid painkillers at rates similar to that of the general population, a new study finds.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Martes, mayo 02 @ 00:00:00 ART (53 reads)

 Fatal US Crashes:deaths due to drugged driving are rising as states legalize pot and drug abuse grow

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¡Tumba carnera! (Photo: Sertox )

Drugs Now Involved in More Fatal U.S. Crashes Than Alcohol Alone. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov. April 27, 2017. Study suggests deaths due to drugged driving are rising as states legalize pot and drug abuse grow. In vehicle crashes that claim American lives, illicit drugs are now more likely to have played a role than the use of alcohol on its own, a new report says.The trend comes as more states legalize marijuana and the nation faces a troubling rise in opioid abuse and drug overdose deaths, the researchers noted.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Martes, mayo 02 @ 00:00:00 ART (35 reads)

 Tests for more than 700 chemicals in 38 waterways turned up surprising combinations with unknown eff

Chemicals Found in Many U.S. Streams: Study. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov. April 12, 2017. Tests for more than 700 chemicals in 38 waterways turned up surprising combinations with unknown effects.The mixture of pollutants in many U.S. streams are more complicated and potentially more dangerous than previously thought, a new study suggests. Researchers checked for 719 organic chemicals in water samples from 38 streams across the United States and found more than half of those chemicals in the different samples. Every stream -- even those in wild and uninhabited areas -- had at least one of the chemicals and some had as many as 162, the study found. It was led by scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey and the Environmental Protection Agency.


FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, abril 14 @ 00:00:00 ART (62 reads)

 Young children are at high risk for accidental poisoning

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Niños/kids (Photo: Sertox )

How to Protect Your Child From Accidental Poisoning. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov.  April 09, 2017. Kids under 6 account for 1 million calls to U.S. poison control centers a year. Young children are at high risk for accidental poisoning, so parents and other caregivers need to take precautions, a pediatric toxicologist says. Children under age 6 account for about half of the more than 2 million poisonings reported each year to U.S. poison centers, according to the American Association of Poison Control Centers.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Martes, abril 11 @ 00:00:00 ART (67 reads)

 One addiction specialist blamed the lax use of prescription opioid painkillers for the surge in hero

Heroin Epidemic Expands Its Grip on America. medlineplus.gov.  March 29, 2017.Use of the narcotic grew 5-fold in a decade, helped by scourge of prescription painkiller abuse.Heroin use in the United States jumped fivefold over a decade, and young, white males are the epidemic's most likely victims, a new study finds. One addiction specialist blamed the lax use of prescription opioid painkillers -- narcotics such as Oxycontin, Percocet and Vicodin -- for the surge in heroin use.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Lunes, abril 03 @ 00:00:00 ART (57 reads)

 People recovering from drug abuse are more likely to be successful if they do not smoke cigarettes

Smoking Slows Recovery From Drug Abuse. By Robert Preidt. medlineplus.gov. March 27, 201. People who smoke cigarettes more likely to relapse after battling drug addiction. People recovering from illicit drug abuse are more likely to be successful if they don't smoke cigarettes, a new study finds.Most illicit drug users also smoke cigarettes, but many substance abuse programs do not include treatment for nicotine dependence, the study authors said. "The thinking in clinical settings has been that asking patients to quit cigarette smoking while they try to stop using drugs is 'too difficult,' or that smoking may be helpful in remaining abstinent from alcohol and drugs, but it is not related whether or not one remains abstinent from illicit drug use over the long term," said study leader Renee Goodwin.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Lunes, abril 03 @ 00:00:00 ART (68 reads)

 Mixing opioid painkillers with Xanax or Valium is a prescription for a deadly overdose

Opioid Painkillers and Xanax or Valium a Deadly Mix: Study. medlineplus.gov. March 15, 2017. 30 percent of fatal opioid overdoses involved both types of meds, but number of people prescribed both has spiked. Mixing opioid painkillers with common anxiety and sleep medications is a prescription for a deadly overdose, a new U.S. study shows.


FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Viernes, marzo 17 @ 00:00:00 ART (56 reads)

 Maternal exposition to pyrethroids during pregnancy linked with behavioral problems in children

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Exposición prenatal a ... (Photo: SerTox)

Could Common Insecticides Be Tied to Behavior Issues in Kids?. By Robert Preidt. medilineplus.gov. March 02, 2017. Study can't prove cause-and-effect, but children exposed in utero to pyrethroids had more problems. Children exposed to a widely used group of insecticides may be at increased risk for behavioral problems, according to a new study.The insecticides are called pyrethroids. They're used on crops but can also be found in some mosquito repellents and in products used to treat head lice, scabies and fleas, the French research team explained.Like many types of insecticides, pyrethroids work by damaging nerves, and concerns have recently been raised about their possible effects on children who have been exposed.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Lunes, marzo 06 @ 00:00:00 ART (142 reads)

 The American Academy of Pediatrics is urging doctors to protect children from the harms of marijuana

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Hoja de marihuana (Photo: Sertox )

As Pot Legalization Advances, Pediatricians Warn of Dangers. By Randy Dotinga. medlineplus.gov.  February 27, 2017. Marijuana isn't benign, child health experts contend. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is urging doctors to protect children from the harms of marijuana as the nation becomes increasingly tolerant of the drug's use.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Miércoles, marzo 01 @ 00:00:00 ART (81 reads)

 An Australian boy has survived being bitten by spider after being treated with 12 vials of anti-veno

Australian spider bite boy saved by massive anti-venom dose. bbcnews. February 24, 2017. A 10-year-old Australian boy has survived being bitten by one of the world's most venomous spiders after being treated with 12 vials of anti-venom, reports say.It is thought to be one of the largest doses of anti-venom ever administered in Australia. Matthew Mitchell was bitten on his finger by a funnel-web spider while helping his father clear out a shed.

FULL ARTICLE...
Posted by jcp on Sábado, febrero 25 @ 00:00:00 ART (97 reads)





     Trivia
 Trivia # 351: Bauhinia forficata

Toxicological trivia from September 02, 2016: Bauhinia forficata, commonly known as Brazilian orchid tree, Pata de Vaca,  is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to Argentina, Brazil and Peru.Its flowers are white and pinkish, and is similar to an orchid. Deciduous leaves are lobed and the name "pata de vaca" resemble the imprint of a hoof there. It timber, known as false mahogany advantage, although its most widespread use is as a medicinal plant. In this sense, they have been well studied by their properties as:
a) Hypoglycemic and diuretic;
b) It is also used as an astringent, healing and antiseptic;
c) Both previous assertions are correct.




READ ANSWER...
See all: Toxicological trivia


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